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How Many Players on a Soccer Team? All You Need to Know

How Many Players on a Soccer Team 1
Imagem de Olle August por Pixabay

How Many Players on a Soccer Team?

‍As the most popular sport globally, soccer has garnered a massive following and attracted millions of players and fans. If you’re a newcomer to the sport or simply curious about its intricacies, one of the most common questions that might come to mind is: How many players on a soccer team? In this comprehensive guide, we will explore the team size, player positions, and various other aspects related to soccer teams.

The Standard Soccer Team Size

The standard soccer team size in professional and international competitions consists of 11 players. This includes one goalkeeper and ten outfield players. However, it’s essential to understand that the number of players on the field is not the entire team. Apart from the starting 11, teams also have substitutes available on the bench, ready to replace players if needed.

The number of substitutes allowed in a match depends on the competition rules, but it generally ranges from three to twelve. In most cases, a team can make three to five substitutions during a single match, which is why it makes sense to have at least that many players on the bench.

Formation and Tactics: The Backbone of Soccer Team Performance

While the standard soccer team size comprises 11 players, the arrangement of these players on the field varies according to the formation and tactics employed by the coach. The formation is a strategic plan that determines how the players are positioned and how they interact with each other during the game. Formations typically consist of three to five defenders, three to five midfielders, and one to three forwards.

Although there is no fixed rule on how to structure a team, formations generally follow a pattern, such as the popular 4-4-2, which includes four defenders, four midfielders, and two forwards. However, coaches can adapt the formation to suit the team’s strengths and exploit the opposition’s weaknesses.

Breaking Down the Soccer Team Positions

What are the Positions in Soccer 1

1. Goalkeeper

The goalkeeper is a crucial player in any soccer team, responsible for defending the team’s goal and preventing the opposition from scoring. They are the only player on the field allowed to use their hands, but this privilege is limited to their penalty area. Goalkeepers typically wear a different colored jersey than their teammates to distinguish them from the other players.

2. Defenders

Defenders are the players tasked with protecting their goal from the opposition’s attacks. They work alongside the goalkeeper to form a solid defense, ensuring the team has a strong foundation. Defenders can be further divided into the following positions:

2.1. Center-back

The center-back is a central defender responsible for preventing the opposition’s attacks and stopping them from entering the penalty area. They often compete for the ball and clear it away from the goal.

2.2. Sweeper

The sweeper is the deepest position in a team’s defense, responsible for blocking the ball if the center-back fails to do so.

2.3. Full-back

Full-backs are the players positioned on the left and right sides of the team. Their primary role is to get the ball out of the penalty area, block the opposition’s attacks, and prevent dangerous moves. The full-back’s role is similar to that of the center-back.

2.4. Attacking Defender

An attacking defender primarily focuses on attacking duties. They can play in various positions and even score goals, although their scoring rate is usually low.

3. Midfielders

3.1. Central Midfielder

Midfielders occupy the center of the field and act as a link between defense and attack. They are responsible for competing for the ball and passing it to the forwards to create goal-scoring opportunities. Midfielders can be divided into the following positions:

Central midfielders can move across various positions on the field, requiring excellent physical fitness. Their main task is to create attacks, support the striker in scoring, and sometimes retreat to the defense as per the coach’s tactics.

3.2. Defensive Midfielder

Defensive midfielders have similar duties to central midfielders, but their primary focus is on supporting the defense.

3.3. Attacking Midfielder

Attacking midfielders need to be constantly on the move and possess excellent observational skills to analyze the situation and direct the ball accordingly.

3.4. Winger

Wingers play on the left and right flanks of the field, responsible for blocking the opposition’s attacks and bolstering their team’s defense.

4. Forwards

Forwards, also known as strikers, have the highest goal-scoring potential. Their primary responsibility is to score goals and create opportunities for their teammates. Some of the renowned strikers globally include Lionel Messi, Cristiano Ronaldo, Mauro Icardi, and Robert Lewandowski.

Soccer Team Size Across Different Age Groups

treinador de futebol ensinando seus alunos
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The number of players on a soccer team varies depending on the age group. Youth soccer teams often have fewer players than adult teams, as younger players are still developing their skills and stamina.

1. Youth Soccer Teams

Youth soccer teams typically have six to nine players, depending on the players’ age. The youngest footballers play in teams of six, while older youth players can participate in teams with up to nine players.

In the United States, the United States Youth Soccer Association is the largest youth soccer organization, with regulations based on players’ age.

  • U6, U7, and U8 – 4 players, no goalkeeper
  • U9 and U10 – 7 players, including one goalkeeper
  • U11 and U12 – 9 players, including one goalkeeper
  • U13 and up – 11 players, including one goalkeeper

2. High School Soccer Teams

High school soccer teams usually have 11 players, just like professional teams. Each player has a unique role in the team, and the size of the soccer field is similar to that of a professional soccer field.

The Role of Substitutes and Extra Players in Soccer

Substitutes play a vital role in soccer, as they can replace on-field players during a match. Teams can have a specific number of substitutes on the bench, depending on the competition rules. In MLS and the English Premier League, this number is 18, while in Italy’s Serie A and international matches, it goes up to 23.

If a team has more than 11 players on the field, the referee must stop the game and remove the extra player. In such cases, the offending player receives a yellow card, while a team official may be sent to the stands.

Laws of the Game: Player Discipline and Match Regulations

When it comes to player discipline, soccer follows a system of yellow and red cards. Yellow cards serve as a warning, while red cards result in the player being sent off the field. Two yellow cards equal one red card, which means that a player who commits two offenses warranting a yellow card will be shown a red card and sent off.

In soccer, up to four players from one team can be sent off during a match. If a fifth player from the same team receives a red card, the referee will end the game, and the team with five red cards will forfeit the match.


In conclusion, a standard soccer team consists of 11 players, including a goalkeeper and ten outfield players. However, the total number of players on a soccer team, including substitutes and extra players, varies depending on the competition and age group. As the sport evolves, so do its tactics and formations, making soccer a dynamic and exciting game to both play and watch.

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